The nights are colder, the days are shorter, and your dog’s favorite chew toy is buried under ten inches of snow. What a perfect day to play with your dog. While not all dogs care for snow in the same way, they all still need regular exercise to stay fit and healthy for life. Here are few games you can try to help boost your dog's energy and fitness level over the next few winter months.
Try burying a stick, toy, or even a treat in the snow. Then sit back and watch his natural tracking instinct kick in. For dogs that require a bit of help finding their reward, try hiding the object closer to your dog at first, then slowly burying it further away the better your dog gets at the game.
Fetch, Catch & Beyond
If your dog loves to fetch or catch rubber balls chances are he will love trying to do the same with snowballs. Fair warning: dogs really love this game so be prepared to make a large stockpile of snowballs, and be careful not to pack the snow too much.
The Big Roll
If you live near a hilly park try rolling snowballs down the bank. Your dog won't be able to get enough chasing and pouncing.
Hide & Seek
This game is ideal for two or more people. Have one person hold your dog while you go and hide, then have the dog come find you. This game should only be played in familiar places and less-enclosed settings—and only with well-trained dogs.
If the snow isn’t outrageously deep, you can always have your dog join you for a snowshoe walk. Keep in mind you may have to leash your dog so be aware of the local park or trail bylaws.
Some popular people activities are simply too dangerous to try to include your dog. While cross-country skiing seems passive and relaxing enough, skis are fun to chase for dogs (they’re just giant fetching sticks) and your pet may end up injuring himself.
Of course, many of the activities you choose to play outdoors can be toned down and simplified into quieter indoor games as well, ""Hide & Seek"" and ""Treasure Hunt"" for example. If you share a dwelling, or live in an adjoining apartment, do be conscious of your neighbors and the noise level.
Regardless of the season, safety should always remain top of mind when playtime rolls around. Here are a couple of safety tips to remember before and after venturing outside during the cold months.
Don’t overwork your dog and start with small simple activities at first. Cold temperatures are worse for dogs that suffer from arthritis and joint conditions. Also, be mindful of your dog’s age before deciding how much time you plan on spending outside.
If you’re planning on being outside for an extended period of time, dress your dog accordingly. Avoid going out in deep-freeze weather altogether. And remember to keep your dog dry—while fur is an excellent insulator, many dogs do succumb to hypothermia in the winter.
Watch for icicles and snow building up on your dog’s paws. They make walking and running uncomfortable for your pet. Sidewalk salt can also cause your dog’s footpads to crack. Consider a pair of booties or rubbing your dog’s feet with a petroleum jelly product before each walk. Be sure to wash and wipe off the petroleum and salt once you come back inside.
Often people just associate dehydration with heat and sweating. Your dog can become just as dehydrated playing in the snow. So be sure to carry a bottle of fresh drinking water for your dog. It’s cleaner and healthier than letting him eat snow.
As your dog ages, you’ll likely notice changes in your best pal’s energy levels, routine and even muzzle. Older pets may require adjustments to help them get around, exercise and live their best life as a senior. One important aspect of caring for a dog entering their golden years is diet.
When it comes to diet, every dog has unique, individual needs, regardless of age. So, there's no one easy answer to the question of soft food versus hard food. Both types of food can provide your dog with the nutrition they need — as long as you feed your dog a high-quality dog food that’s nutritionally balanced and complete.
Signs Your Senior Dog May Benefit from Wet Food
If your dog has very specific health concerns, such as aging joints or weight issues, consult with your vet for more information about what type of food best addresses your dog's needs. That being said, there are a few reasons why you may consider switching your senior dog to soft food.
As your dog gets older, their teeth may become more sensitive, which can make chewing kibble more difficult and even uncomfortable. Switching to a soft food can help to alleviate your pet’s oral discomfort when eating.
However, if your dog is experiencing serious pain at mealtime from a condition like tooth decay or gingivitis, switching to soft food won't remedy the problem. Make sure you talk to your vet about oral care and dental treatment.
Digestion begins in the mouth with saliva, so if your dog has a tendency to scarf down meals, they may not be adequately chewing the food or adding enough saliva to it. Soft food can aid with digestion because it's more easily chewed.
It’s no surprise that wet food has a higher moisture content when compared to dry kibble. If your senior pup is prone to urinary-tract issues or simply needs a little help staying hydrated, canned dog food may be a good choice.
Aging dogs tend to have a slower metabolic rate compared to their younger years, which puts them at a higher risk of becoming overweight or obese. Many nutritionally balanced wet dog foods offer high protein content with fewer carbs than dry food, which can benefit older dogs with slower metabolism. Always talk to your vet if you have concerns about your pup’s weight.
While wet food may be less than appetizing to humans, the opposite is true for dogs! If your aging best friend has started turning their snout up to dry food, wet food tends to be more appealing to picky eaters. Mixing wet food and kibble offers your pup a variety of flavors and textures; try adding wet food as a topper on dry food for a real treat!
Whether you choose dry food, soft food or a mix of both, ask your vet before making any transition. And when it's time to switch your dog's food, remember to do it slowly — even if it's the same brand and flavor — to help prevent stomach upset and allow your dog time to adjust.