Japanese Chins are active, alert, and intelligent. Even though the Japanese Chin is a small breed, they are quite smart and can participate in dog sports such as agility and both rally and standard obedience that give them physical and mental stimulation while they bond with their families. Japanese Chins have also been used in animal-assisted therapy Because of their small size, children are attracted to the Japanese Chin; however, as with all dogs, extremely close supervision is needed to prevent accidental injury to the dog and its subsequently developing fear-based defensive aggression. Japanese Chins may also be stubborn, but they respond to a reward-based approach to training that uses motivational tools such as treats and favorite toys. Japanese Chins are described as being aloof with strangers, which may mean they have some low level of fear or concern about them. However, socialization can minimize the development of fear-based defensive aggression.
The Japanese Chin, also known as the Japanese Spaniel was a dog of royalty that was developed and refined in Japan. The origins of the breed date back to the eight century, when they were given as gifts by the rulers of Korea. For centuries the Japanese Chin could be owned only by aristocracy. Portuguese sailors brought them to Europe in the 1700's and the dog was introduced to Britain in 1853 when Commodore Perry delivered a pair to Queen Victoria as a gift. Commodore Perry is also credited with introducing the breed to America. The American Kennel Club gave the breed its current name in 1977.