The German Spitz is a compact, short coupled Nordic breed with a nearly square outline. It is well knit and firm, with good substance, and a profuse coat that comes in a variety of colors and markings. Males are distinctly masculine and females are distinctly feminine. The breed is intelligent, active and alert, with a confident, happy disposition that shows no signs of nervousness or aggression.
Many of the Spitz breed family, including the modern Keeshond and Pomeranian breeds, are thought to descend from Stone Age Peat dogs and are therefore some of the oldest known domestic breeds. The contemporary German Spitz comes in three different size varieties: Gross (Giant), Mittel (Standard) and Klein (Toy). All three varieties have been declining in popularity in Germany in recent years, possibly due to the amount of care required to groom the coat to prevent matting. The German Spitz is thought to have originated from the Spitz-type dogs found in the Northern German plain, and became very popular in the United Kingdom in the eighteenth century due to the Germanic links to English royalty. However, the advent of the first World War triggered a decline in the breed’s popularity in much of Europe. The breed is a current member of the American Kennel Club’s Foundation Stock Service.