Dehydration, the process of excessive water loss, is a serious condition in any dog—and, in the case of senior dogs, it can be a matter of life and death. Like humans, dogs need adequate fluids to help transport nutrients through their body, to keep the body cool, and to replace water lost to humidity. Since dehydration can be so bad for your dog, it's important to understand the essentials of this condition.
Symptoms to look for:
The hotter and more humid the weather, the more important it is to look for these symptoms.
External symptoms of dehydration include:
- Vomiting or diarrhea
- Dry mouth, nose, or gums
- Sunken eyes
Behavioral symptoms include:
Testing for dehydration
Here's a simple test to see if your dog needs more fluids: Simply pinch a little of your dog's skin between his shoulder blades with your thumb and fingertips. When you release it, the skin should quickly fall back into place. If the skin falls back slowly, your dog may be dehydrated.
Tips to keep your dog hydrated and cool
If you believe your dog has symptoms of dehydration, you can do a number of things to help re-hydrate him and keep him cool.
- Move him out of the sun and into a cooler environment.
- Provide him with fresh, clean water. Make sure your dog doesn't drink the water too fast because it may cause vomiting, which will result in additional water loss.
- Take him to the veterinarian. Your vet will perform necessary medical checks and provide required treatment to help your dog recover as quickly as possible.