The main threats to a dog's longevity are infectious diseases and accidents. No one can avoid either entirely, but the chances of being seriously affected by illness or accident can be reduced to a very low level by taking a few simple precautions. The first step in ensuring your puppy’s health is a full vaccination program, with annual booster injections. A vaccination program is the most important step in helping to prevent disease. Proper training and controlled exercise go a long way towards avoiding accidents.
Your greatest ally in the prevention of health problems is your veterinarian. Make sure you register with a veterinary practice as soon as you get your puppy, rather than waiting until an emergency arises.
Within a few days, have your puppy checked by your veterinarian, who will also advise you on vaccinations, deworming, heartworm prevention, feeding and general health care.
When you visit the veterinarian carry your pup in your arms and do not allow him to walk on the floor until his vaccination course has been completed – remember that other animals in the waiting room may be sick. If your puppy is sick, the veterinarian needs to know all the details about his illness, so don't send your puppy to the vet with a young child or a friend who cannot provide this information.
Keep a careful watch on your puppy and if you note any sign of illness, have him treated promptly.