The Dachshund is well known for his lively, charming, sometimes willful personality. But the fact is, that could depend on which type of coat he has. While the Smooth Coat, Wirehaired Coat, and Longhaired Dachshund share common traits, they differ in some ways, too. Here's a closer look at the temperaments of all three.
The independent Smooth Coat Dachshund. The "original" dachshund is the velvety smooth-haired type, believed to have been created in Germany in the 1600s. The smooth-haired Doxie often becomes more attached to one member of the family. Independent yet friendly, they're lovable and energetic dogs that make excellent family pets.
The smooth coat on the Dachshund is the easiest of the three coats to care for—simply brush his coat once a week to help him shed loose hair. Giving your dog a good brushing can also stimulate the natural oils in his coat, which will keep his coat healthy and shiny.
The spunky Wirehaired Dachshund. The Wirehaired Dachshund is the real extrovert, reveling in games and possessing a clownish sense of humor. He owes his spunky nature to his terrier roots: the Wirehaired Dachshund was created in the late 19th century by crossing smooth coat Dachshunds with German Wiredhaired Pinschers and Dandi Dinmont Terriers.
With a rough outer coat and a soft, short undercoat, the Wirehaired Doxie needs regular grooming to keep his coat in top condition. Every spring and fall, this Dachshund's coat needs to be "stripped." This simply means you need to pluck out individual hairs in his top coat. While it may sound painful, these loose hairs come out easily when the time is right when you use the proper utensils. You can clip his coat as well.
The gentle Longhaired Dachshund. It is believed that Longhaired Dachshunds are the product of smooth-haired Dachshunds crossed with Spaniels and Irish Setters. As a result, they tend to be calmer, with a less terrier-like temperament. While the Longhaired Dachshund is playful, he needs less exercise than both the Smooth Coat and Wirehaired Dachshund.
Because of his long wavy locks, this Dachshund needs to be groomed a few times a week to prevent matting. A good brushing in areas where the hair is thick will do. Then simply comb the areas where the hair is a bit thinner.
Of course, it's important to remember that, like people, all Dachshunds are individuals. The socialization, training and love you provide ultimately shape the kind of dog your little Doxie becomes.